Adelaide is the capital of the Australian state of South Australia and is the fifth-largest city in Australia. It was founded in 1836 and is known as "The City of Churches". Adelaide has an estimated population of more than 1.28 million, with a density of 615 per sq. km. Adelaide is the seat of Government and a big commercial center, it is also the seat of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of institutions are situated in the city center along the cultural boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street and in various districts of the Metropolitan area. Numerous festivals, feasts and sport events attract people from the whole Australia, it is well known for its restaurants serving delicious food and wine.
It is also a cultural and entertaining center, offering its long beach-fronts to many people keen on active holidays. It ranks highly in terms of livability, being listed in the Top 10 of The Economist's World's Most Livable Cities index in 2010. In 2011 it was declared the most livable city in Australia by the Property Council
Adelaide is a coastal city situated on the eastern shores of Gulf St Vincent, on the Adelaide Plains, north of the Fleurieu Peninsula between Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges. Adelaide is located at 34°55' Latitude South and 138°36' Longitude East. The city, which has a total land area of 870 sq. km, is at an average elevation of 50 m above sea level.
Adelaide weatherThe weather of Adelaide is like that of the Mediterranean with warm and wet winters and hot summers. Adelaide is the driest Australian city suffering from the lack of rain. Rainfall is unreliable, not frequent enough during the summer months. On the opposite, rain falls frequently in winter, June being the wettest month of the year with the average precipitation of 80mm. Hail is also common in winter. Snow is very rare except for very light falls at Mount Lofty and some places in the Adelaide Hills.
The Kaurna Aboriginal tribes were the first settlers in this area. South Australia was officially settled as a new British province on 28th December 1836, near The Old Gum Tree, the place of today's suburb of Glenelg North. This day is now commemorated as Proclamation Day in South Australia. The city was named in honor of Queen Adelaide, the wife of King William IV. The town founded in 1836 was planned as the capital for the freely settled.
Adelaide tourist attractions
South Australian MuseumThe South Australian Museum has many diverse sections, including a look at Sir Douglas Mawson in Antarctica, Aboriginal and Pacific artefacts, an Ancient Egypt section and an extensive collection of fossils, including some of the world`s oldest fossils.
Adelaide Botanic Garden
Adelaide city is rich in greenery, surrounded by a belt of parks and gardens, the most attractive being the Botanical Gardens. Covering 16 acres, features include the Victorian Palm House and the Bicentennial Conservatory. These gardens include calm lakes that give the impression of wonderful landscapes with a lot of shady trees. They are excellent place for relaxation.